Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category

An interesting week discussing the Digital Shadow and content being published on the web that we cannot always control.

There was discussion about Facebook on the Discussion board, where other students mostly agreed and felt the same way about publishing their personal information.  Many students are now removing content and not using Facebook to broadcast their day to day lives.

Another student comment that she had deleted emails from her inbox to find that after deleting them  the emails were still there regardless of deleting them.  Also, another student commented that your copies of our information has probably been backed up and could be accessed on a database somewhere even after deleting the information.

This highlighted the systems that we use as being important, in particular being able to control what information you publish about yourself, such as turning off a profile picture or your name. Especially in the instance of employers, privacy is of paramount in preventing colliding worlds online.

I conducted a search in Google to search the web for information linked to my name “Cherie Saunders”.  The results returned my blog, linkedin, facebook and genealogy website.

Another website that returns results including images of the search criteria is, enter your name and see what appears.  Its in our best interest we can try control what images are posted of ourselves online.

Discussed in the lecturer was Google street view, where all over the world, a google car drove around every street and took photos of houses.  A friend of mine told me her father in law had been photographed out of the front of his house in his jocks, and then saved onto Google street view. Is this a envasion of privacy?  Apparently it is not breaking the law although in Germany laws have been passed to allow people to request their photos be removed from Google street view and Google has set measured to adhere to this.

In the above example where the father in law was standing out the front of his house with only his undewear showing, Boyd states “An opt-out dynamic means that users have to consciously choose what it is that they wish to hide and then remember their choices as they are navigating the system. When the default is hyper- public, individuals are not simply able to choose what they wish to expose – they have to choose what they wish to hide.” (Boyd, 2008).  People are being forced to hide rather than having the option to opt-out and is putting pressure on individuals to police their own online identity.

As part of this learning reflection I found it interesting that other students including myself and a tutor had discussed Facebook and privacy on the discussion board  and recently started to delete and reduce participation online because of potential issues. People are being forced to hide rather than having the option to opt-out and is putting pressure on individuals to police their own online identity and making others suspicious of what they are trying to hide.  Once again this has provided me with an opportunity to relate conceptual understandings to practical implementation of communication and collaboration tools online and use various Internet applications for communication and collaboration.

Privacy and reputation.

The links below are provided that outline the problems with posting video, photos and content of people on the web, and where worlds have collided resulting in bad outcomes and dimishing their reputation, such as loss of employment, being bullied at school, and even changing name and leaving to live in another country.

The ‘Star Wars Kid’ Sued The People Who Made Him Famous – Business Insider

Fuck you, Google _ Fugitivus

Dog Poop Girl – FamousPictures

About _ dooce®


boyd, danah (2008). “Facebook’s Privacy Trainwreck: Exposure, Invasion, and Social Convergence.” Convergence, 14 (1),

Solove, D., (2007). How the Free Flow of Information Liberates and Constrains Us, in The Future of Reputation: Gossip, Rumor and Privacy on the Internet.   Available:

Angwin, J. (2011). How Much Should People Worry About the Loss of Online Privacy? Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from   (You can also find the full reponses online from Jeff Jarvis and danah boyd.)


An interesting lecture about what we want others to perceive to be our identity which is self-mediated throughout our online interactions, how we interact online, what we post about ourselves, if we have an avatar or hidden identity, and so forth.

As I know from my own experience with social newtorking sites what people post about themselves is a performance, mainly computer-mediated but somestimes people forget the boundaries and worlds collide.

Computer-mediated communication (CMC) has long drawn the interest of academics from a variety of fields, such as Donna Harroway in Cyborgs Manifesto where she discusses how technology and how it has integrated with humans in every day life.

People have the capacity to express and strengthen a unique identity and this allows for fluid identity and interaction in virtual communities to release individuals from the rigidity associated with social identity in everyday life  “reverse some of the social structures, touting virtual experience and virtual community as ways for people to widen their horizons.” (Shafi 2005) such as exploring and expressing themselves as Phil a woman at night or Phyllis a man during the day, if they want remain anonymous.

However, personal or conflict interactions online can sometimes define relationships that interprets to real-life. The public nature of mediated breakups by Boyd provides detailed examples where public display of “in a relationship with”, and “no longer in a relationship” after the break-up and every action, so it’s only natural that people merge online and offline behaviour (Pascoe 2011).

Whether different types of relationships are real or just heightened by the online experience and could be misinterpreted by lack of physical cues without the real body and as less authentic as people perform and mask particular identities for particular audiences other than their own identity. This could result in misinterpretation of reality “an omnipresent danger that our mental maps will not match current reality.” (Harvey 1990)

For the community and patients, people with a health condition can use official (government or non-government organisations) and unofficial online websites anonymously for advice and shared experiences.  For instance, people with HIV use HIV/aidstribe in a virtual community where people with HIV aids are provided with health information and a forum for “self representation by individuals who are excluded from the public sphere.” (Nettleton, Burrows and O’Malley 2005). In contrast, the internet can aid vices with people who have addictive problems like Gambling where online gambling communities can provide anonymous use of gambling without interference from other people, government and legislative controls.  This ignores what is socially and morally acceptable in society. People can hide their identities so there is no judgement to their actions and belong to online gambling communities engaging online gambling and advice in such as Gambling Mojo Community and unrestricted by legislative controls of the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

Music consumers can access digitally created music like MP3’s for purchasing, downloading, sharing and listening online.  It often intermingles public and privately through social networking forums where people can share their music tastes at any time of the day or night regardless of geographical placement like in the comfort of your own home or in public using smart devices like an IPhone to set the scene and provide empowerment and quickly depending on the speed of your internet connection.

Social networking forums like Youtube and Facebook enable sharing between people who belong to virtual communities as part of a group or particular artist or genre. “Message boards like Myspace empowers fans to exchange news, information and recommendations – word of mouth is an important part of online communication.” (Laughey 2007)

Further to this, people can perform a particular identity and in virtual communities to suit the attitude of the music, for instance may dress and talk in a particular way. This empowers them to represent their tastes with “Music of different styles and on different formats is able to “get into” people’s thoughts and feelings to such an extent that it aids identity formation.”  (Laughey 2007)



Harvey, D, 1990. The Condition of the Post Modernity. 1st ed. London: Routledge.

Laughey, D. 2007. Music Media in Young People’s Everyday Lives. In Music, Sound and Multimedia: From the Live to the Virtual. Retrieved from

Nettleton S, Burrows R and O’Malley L, 2005. The mundane realities of the everyday use of the internet for health, and their consequences for media convergence. Sociology of Health & Illness 2005, ISSN 0141-9889, pp. 972-992.

Pacoe, C. 2011. Digital Youth Research: Kids’ Informal Learning with Digital Media: Final Report: Intimacy. Berkeley

Shafi. 2005. Can a virtual community be any different from the experience of a real community, WordPress

Flickr is an interesting tool which we investigate further as part of our activites in this weeks tutorial. I particulary enjoyed searching for photos that I could reuse under the creative commons licensing criteria. It learn’t how to navigate and investigate photographs, and have a better under of the creative commons licensing criteria also.

The Australian Creative Commons organisation, as stated on their website ” Creative Commons is an international non-profit organisation that provides free licences and tools that copyright owners can use to allow others to share, reuse and remix their material, legally.

Creative Commons Australia is the affiliate that supports Creative Commons in Australia and administers the Australian Creative Commons licences. ”

The license terms are outlined on this page Anyone involved in online media, should participate and familiarise themselve on the use of the creative commons licensing.

Under creative commons you should

• credit the creator;

• provide the title of the work;

• provide the URL where the work is hosted;

• indicate the type of licence it is available under and provide a link to the licence (so others can find out the licence terms); and

• keep intact any copyright notice associated with the work.

For more information see

The SA government website on its Copyright page states that ”

Copyright The Government of South Australia supports and encourages the dissemination and exchange of public sector information, and endorses the use of the Australian Governments Open Access and Licensing Framework by its agencies.

With the exception of the Piping Shrike emblem, images, and other material or devices protected by a trademark and subject to review by the Government of South Australia at all times, the content of this website is licensed under the Creative Commons Australia Attribution 3.0 Licence .

The Government of South Australia requests attribution as ‘Government of South Australia 2011’. All other rights are reserved. The Government of South Australia has undertaken reasonable enquiries to identify material owned by third parties and secure permission for its reproduction. Permission may need to be obtained from third parties to re-use their material.” (SA Government 2012)

The  word blog is irrelevant, what’s important is that it is now common, and will soon be expected, that every intelligent person (and quite a few unintelligent ones) will have a media platform where they share what they care about with the world.” Seth Godin cited in (2008)

Web 2.0 has enabled people to easy access blogging platform in sharing, collaboration and communicating their blogs.  It has had a profound effect upon the way people tell their stories such as citizen journalism,and gatewatching and its impact upon the media with much debate about credibility of sources.

What does blog mean:

blog (blog)

Pronunciation: /blɒɡ/

noun a personal website or web page on which an individual records opinions, links to other sites, etc. on a regular basis.

verb(blogs, blogging, blogged)

[no  object] add new material to or regularly update a blog: it’s about a week since I last blogged

[with  object] write about (an event, situation, topic, etc.) in a blog: he blogged the Democratic and Republican national conventions as an independent

This weeks lecturer about Blogging, and the history of blogs.

As discussed by Rebecca Blood’s Weblogs: a history and perspective discussing blog history in the late 1990s and early 2000 and predictions for the future. She was the first evangelist for web blogging.

The emergence of blogs has led to a new wave of citizen journalism, with anyone who authors a blog able to   contribute information that can be used by users seeking news and actual newspapers.   It has been a current trend for blogs to be used alternatively to the media, and journalist having been working with blogging to circulate their stories. There has been much debate about whether these accounts are credible, that the information is reliable, but journalist now use blogs and the people’s personal accounts, to get better new worthy stories for publishing online.  There has been a shift away from newspapers to online journalism and blogging, such as gatewatching that suggests citizen journalism doesn’t replace main stream media but retunes and filters it through ‘gatewatching’ (Axel Brunz).

During the London bombings in 2005, people were using their phones to take photos which the media published, so these turned into hypertext version of key witnessed accounts.

Interestingly the story about Pax, an Iraqi blogger started detailing his life during the Baghdad under Sadam Hussein’gs government, started in 2002 that highlight the important of Web 2.0 and many-to-many collaboration globally.  Pax didn’t meet the generalised identity of people in Iraq, and his accounts significant to what was realy happening in Iraq during that time when the 2003 invasion by the US of Iraq with US army being deployed in the city.  He became an accidental journalist, published his accounts, and now works as a journalist.  You can read the archives of Pax’s blog

As cited in Pax’s blog relevant to this episode in his life,

“the West won the world not by the  superiority of its ideas or values or religion but rather by its superiority in applying organized violence. Westerners often forget this fact, non-Westerners  never do.” Samuel P. Huntington

As a blogger, I use it as an online diary (blogger) where I can talk about my life, usually my children, and interests.  A few relatives follow the blog but it is mainly used as the medium to organise my writing and eventually I will print copies for my sons.  I also have a family history website used for collaborating and communicating with relatives about family history.  WordPress is relatively easy to use, with a variety of themes to display my look and feel which can be customised.  The types of posts are stories about old times, old photos and general family history information.

People can participate in communities of bloggers, following blogs of interest and shared identity.  There are various platforms that host blogging such as blogger, wordpress and tumblr.  The soft is usually open source, and technologies include RSS (XML), DHMTL, XHTML,  javascript, ajaz, and php.  People can publish a blog post, comments, display link rolls, track back posts to previous version, use themes for a particular look and feel, and podcasts for video sharing.


Rettberg, J. 2008, Blogging Chapter 3: Bloggers, Communities and Networks, pgs 57-83

Rebecca Blood’s Weblogs: a history and perspective.

(2008). State of the Blogosphere 2008. Retrieved May 14th, 2009, from

Social Networking is a world-wide phenomina where people use social networking sites to collaborate and communication with other social network sites online.

Paricularly interesting are the issues surrounding privacy levels can be set on Facebook and most social networking sites.  Privacy is about protecting the idenity of users, and usually embedded in the features of social networking platform to enable the users to decide how much content others can view and who can view it.

There is a website that shows the terms of conditions of various social newtorking and other online networking sites which provides links to Terms of use. It shows Terms of use for 56 websites and everytime there is a change it is highlighted on this site.

Discussion about use of data, in particular Facebook has raised concerns about how they use our information.  Whether they need to get permission before using that information.

Boyd (2009) mentioned privacy concerns as a major theme in cultural and critical discourse on social networking, and outliend SNS’ as challenging legal perspectives of privacy.  Also, asks “do police officers have the right to access content posted to Facebook without a warrant?” When do you think a social network is private and when is it public?

My personal point of view if someone has broken the law, or under investigation for a serious crime it may be in the best interest to investigate the content on social networking sites.

Law enforcement is genuinely protecting us from bad people, such as the sad story about a 15 year old girl Carly who was murdered in Port Elliot South Australia in 2007.  After forming an online relationship with a man on MySpace she was murdered by the man. On the same day the girl was murdered the man’s MySpace account was deleted.  In case, the police used the man’s MySpace account as evidence in the crime investigation. To read the story see

In this sort of circumstance, if police suspect that someone is murderer or something very severe then there isnt a problem with accessing the information to investigate, and without presenting a warrant would possibly hinder the investigation.

I found this story published in 2004 (it might be a bit old) but wanted to find something about ASIO (Australia Security Intelligence Organisation) who monitor Muslim websites (2004).  In the News, a story about ASIO Scans Muslim Web Surfers states

“ASIO regards the monitoring of these websites as the most effective means of combating homegrown terrorism”.  Interestingly, the artcle states “The practice of monitoring websites is allowed under Australian law because of new laws such as the ASIO Legislation Amendment Act 2003 and the Telecommunications Interception Legislation Amendment Act 2002.” Read more: Im not sure if the websites they monitored were private or open to the public.

Having a look on the ASIO website, according to legislation, ”

ASIO is not subject to the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act 1982. The Privacy Act 1988 does not apply to the disclosure of personal information to ASIO by other agencies” Read more: which would provide them with the powers to access our private information, even through according to the ASIO Act there is a process for Warrants outlined.


boyd, d. m., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1). Available at:

Man and teen charged with murder of girl, 15 Save this story to read later •by: By Nigel Hunt and Kate Kyriacou (2007) The Sunday Mail, March 04, 2007    Read more:

I thoroughly enjoyed this week’s tutorial about Wiki’s.

A Web 2.0 platform, Wiki’s encourages online collaboration and where people contribute written by individuals but usually collaborated as a group.

Wiki’s are mostly easy-to-use, so the user logins, opens the WYSIWYG, creates and edits text, then saves. That easy! Wiki’s use Wikitext as their web programming language which has restricted the use of HTML, so it uses non-HTML elements with different version that are easy to understand and change.

There was a Youtube video provided as part of the lecture, “Wiki’s in Place English” that provide “A short explanation about wikis and how they can be used to coordinate a group of people’s activities. This video comes in an unbranded “presentation quality” version that can be licensed for use in the workplace. ” (leelefever, 2007)

The example in the video, provided was about a group of friends wanting to go on a camping trip. They each used the tool to update information about what they were taking on the trip in a collaborative fashion. The demonstration provided an easy to follow instruction on the benefits and ease-of-use Wiki’s. Goodbye email hello Wiki! Reviewing the comments on the video, there were 1,740,596 users who have accessed the page, 94 dislikes and mostly positive comments from people how they enjoyed the explanation as of today!

This week’s activity was to learn more about Wikipedia where we accessed the rules governing Wikipedia and added content to a chosen page to see how long it would take before something commented.

Wikipedia is a multilingual, web-based, free encyclopaedia used by people globally at any time and place to access general information. It has changed the way that people access and use print media.

Recently Britannica announced they were no longer running a print edition (Google News 2012). There is some contention between Wikipedia and Britannica, especially on topics of reliability and the model of collaboration and updating information. Britannica takes a more “traditional publishing approach” (Bryant, S.L., Forte, A., Bruckman, A., 2005) where content is regulated by academics and editors. They claim in a story published in Google 2012, to “have VIP experts contributing along with more than 100 employed editors, and their focus is to provide a more “scholarly knowledge to an editorial process to as many knowledge seekers as possible.” (Google News 2012).

On the other hand, Wikipedia’s encyclopaedia is constantly evolving using “a new paradigm for collaborative systems” (Bryant et. al, 2005) in a Wikipedian community of volunteer editors with various roles using open source platform WikiMedia to monitor watch updates, edit, discuss, debate, delete bots, administer, and other assigned tasks ensure a common goal to provide “a neutral point of view” in articles.

The activity of the Wikipedian community is governed by a set of rules with various processes, policies, guidelines and etiquette. Wikipedia has been a controversial Web 2.0 platform with much debate by academics, and various groups around the world.

There has been a raft of research conducted both qualitative and quantitative (longitudinal and metrics applied) conducted by academics to review its patterns of use, it’s community structure, academic use and views, comparisons between traditional and non-traditional publishing and quality and reliability of data such as Iba, Nemoto, Peters and Gloor (2009), who conducted a qualitative analyse of 2580 featured articles of the English Wikipedia investigating the editing patterns and authoring process of editors and mediators.  They categorised the editors into “coolfarmers” and “egoboosters” (Iba, Nemoto, Peters and Gloor, 2009) varying patterns of participation in a community group setting.

As a user of Wikipedia, in the past I referred to it at least once a week but didn’t realise, clearly evident by the amount of media coverage and research evidence, how much influence and impact it has on our society globally.

After this fascinating discovery, I have decided to use Wikipedia as a Web 2.0 online participation and collaboration tool to discuss and analyse the extent to which user and participants communicate and collaborate. Especially after this week’s activity where we chose, accessed a page and suggested a change to content to see how long it took for Wikipedians to comment, or alter. Also, learning about the processes in this online space! I have been spending hours researching a raft of published and online resource to learn more and am finding it amazing! Maybe I will volunteer to become a Wikipedian (as I slowly delete information off my Facebook account!).


Babwin, D. 2012. “Britannica’s halt of print edition triggers sales”Associated Press, Google News Accessed on: [10 april 2012]

Bragues, G 2007. “Wiki–Philosophizing in a Marketplace of Ideas: Evaluating Wikipedia’s Entries on Seven Great Minds” (April), available at, accessed 27 August 2008.

Brock Read, 2006. “Can Wikipedia Ever Make the Grade?” Chronicle of Higher Education, volume 53, number 10 (27 October), p. A31, and at, accessed 8 December 2007.

Bryant, S.L., Forte, A., Bruckman, A., 2005. “Becoming a Wikipedian: Transformation of Particpation in a Collaborative Online Encyolopedia”, USA, Group 05.

Cauz J “Today’s announcement is not about our past, but our future—and the new ways we’re serving our customers.”

Dan Tynan, 2008. “The truth is out there … somewhere,” US Airways Magazine (January), p. 42.

Giles J, 2005. “Internet encyclopedias go head to head,” Nature, volume 438, number 7070 (15 December), pp. 900-901, and at, accessed 27 August 2008.

Halavais A. 2004. “The Isuzu Experiment,” blog entry at A Thaumaturgical Compendium (29 August), at, accessed 8 December 2007.

Iba, T. Nemoto K, Peters B, Gloor, P. (2009). Analyzing the Crative Editing Behaviour of Wikipedia Editors Through Dynamic Social Network Analysis. Elservier Procedia

Google News, (2012), Last entry for Encyclopaedia Britannica book form. (2012, March 14). Google News. Retrieved from

P.D. Magnus, 2006. “Epistemology and the Wikipedia,” paper presented at the North American Computing and Philosophy Conference in Troy, New York, at, accessed 27 August 2008.

Thomas Chesney, 2006. “An empirical examination of Wikipedia’s credibility,” First Monday, volume 11, number 11 (November), at, accessed 27 August 2008.


Web 2.0

Posted: March 26, 2012 in Uncategorized

Starting at Web 1.0 the lecturer discussed the promise of hyptextual interactivity, great theory but slow to emerge.  The reality of Web 1.0 in the 1990s was static web pages, not a great deal of interaction and participation between users.  Websites were mainer developed by web designers and largely read only.  At this stage people were using dial-up broadband so they werent able to upload files and video.

It was fascinating to learn about Web 2.0 in Tim O’Reilly’s model as outlined on these pages:

Read Tim O’Reilly’s comprehensive overview of the shifts he see as defining Web 2.0 in What Is Web 2.0 Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software (5 Pages).

The key differences between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 as follows:

Web 1.0 Web 2.0
DoubleClick –> Google AdSense
Ofoto –> Flickr
Akamai –> BitTorrent –> Napster
Britannica Online –> Wikipedia
personal websites –> blogging
evite –> and EVDB
domain name speculation –> search engine optimization
page views –> cost per click
screen scraping –> web services
publishing –> participation
content management systems –> wikis
directories (taxonomy) –> tagging (“folksonomy”)
stickiness –> syndication

and for a much shorter but far more cynical take on the wisdom of the crowds, The Wisdom of the Chaperones: Digg, Wikipedia, and the Myth of Web 2.0 democracy

From the business perspective:

Business academic Andrew McAfee has argued that the greatest benefits for business will be found be implementing the principles of Web 2.0 within companies, a concept he refers to as  Enterprise 2.0. To complement this, he has discussed SLATES, an acronym for  the six key components of Web 2.0 for business:

  • Search (Allow users to find what they are looking for)
  • Links (Links are important – Allow users to generate them)
  • Authoring (Allow users to contribute)
  • Tags (Allow users to provide tags)
  • Extensions (Use software to anticipate user preferences)
  • Signals (Let the user know when there is new content)

Each of these topics is dealt with in more detail in Enterprise 2.0: The Dawn of Emergent Collaboration.

We created a Delicious account to be able to start collecting tags and links to favourite websites. I’ve created a new acccount and started tagging my websites relevant to my learning in Web101 as instructed by the course.  There is a lot of information available on the web so its good to be able to organise this in an intelligent and interesting way, and then share with other people in your network with similar goals and objectives in learning about Web101.

There was an interesting instruction on how to create a Delicous account and how to use it here: CommonCraft (2009), Social Bookmarking in Plain English,

I think this is a better way to organised favourites rather than the other way done on Browsers, and does faciliate online interaction, participation, and sharing.