Archive for the ‘web 101’ Category

Web 2.0 – Week 4 Reflection

Posted: April 23, 2012 in web 101, web 2.0

Wikipedia is a Web 2.0 tool a concept originally coined by Tim O’Reilly (2005) which has proven not just a buzzword, “based on a simple idea, and that idea grew into a movement” and “its way to becoming a robust platform for a culture-changing generation of computer applications and services”. (O’Reilly & Battelle, 2009, p. 1).

The key features are a rich user experience, user participation, metadata and dynamic content, standards and scalability of websites, and applications that contribute toward effective communication and collaboration to meet users and participators needs online.

It was interesting to compare how the web has involved from web 1.0 to web 2.0.  People are able to communicate and collaborate much more effectively online, so its not just cyberspace its blurred the boundaries into real life. To see the differences between web 1.0 and web 2.0 see my previous blog ‘Web 2.0’ https://web101cheriesaunders.wordpress.com/2012/03/26/web-2-0-6-2/

Web 1.0 was about hypertextual interactivity but slow to manage.  It was quite difficult to create web pages, and mostly were static pages and read only.  There wasn’t a lot of media such as videos, and audio due to slow internet speeds.

With the growth in technology, people were enabled with the tools they needed to participate online.  No longer were users just IT people and designers but they were everyday people engaging in community and identity on social networking sites, blogs, and wikis in global conversation.

Tools were enabling people to access online resources without having to know how to code.  Web 2.0 tools enable a centralised conversation, better interaction, share, communicate, exchange ideas, discuss, comment and create.  No doing required!!

This week discussed Really Simple Syndication (RSS) a web fed format used to frequently update web content such as text, images, and video, and mostly provides feeds for users to subscribe for a new blogging post, and other kinds of pages for business and leisure, and newsfeeds “including stock quotes, weather data, and photo availability” (O’Reilly, 1999).  As O’Reilly (1999) stated “RSS is the most significant advance in the fundamental architecture of the web” and creates an “ease-of-publishing phenomenon”,  therefore supplying an effective method of sharing, tracking and publishing information.

People can update their blog posts, upload videos and images, and other users can “become members and subscriptions or RSS feeds of updates” (Cormode & Krishnamurth pg 6:2008) on sites such as Blogs, Flickr, and Youtube and be notified in real-time at any time or space. RSS can be viewed in the web browser on personal computers but also mobile devices such as Iphones, so RSS allows for multiple methods of accessibility at any time or space.

Pinterest RSS feeds can be embedded into a User’s Facebook timeline, so that Facebook friends can be provided with any update entries a key word, heading, and image to show updates between the different nodes.

Technically the RSS language is based upon XML in a file that outlines tags or metadata such as dates, author, title, URL, and can be displayed by a website using a general-purpose server-side scripting language (PHP). RSS can be displayed on the same site, or from other sites. RSS must conform to specification XML 1.0 as published by the World Wide Consortium Website at http://feed2.w3.org/docs/rss2.html (W3C).

I use RSS on my blog sites as a predesigned widget that displays and connect my other nodes, tag clouds, archives, and latest entries.  It enables content to be displayed in mutliple locations through publishing the content in one location and then updates the other nodes, and feeds automatically without duplicating entries.

References

Cormode G and Krishnamurthy B, (2008). Key Differences between Web1.0 and Web2.0 [Online]. Available at: http://www2.research.att.com/~bala/papers/web1v2.pdf [Accessed 23 March 2012].

O’Reilly, T. 2005. What is Web 2.0? Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software. http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html  [ONLINE] O’Reilly Media Inc [Accessed on 9 February 2012)

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The  word blog is irrelevant, what’s important is that it is now common, and will soon be expected, that every intelligent person (and quite a few unintelligent ones) will have a media platform where they share what they care about with the world.” Seth Godin cited in (2008)

Web 2.0 has enabled people to easy access blogging platform in sharing, collaboration and communicating their blogs.  It has had a profound effect upon the way people tell their stories such as citizen journalism,and gatewatching and its impact upon the media with much debate about credibility of sources.

What does blog mean:

blog (blog)

Pronunciation: /blɒɡ/

noun a personal website or web page on which an individual records opinions, links to other sites, etc. on a regular basis.

verb(blogs, blogging, blogged)

[no  object] add new material to or regularly update a blog: it’s about a week since I last blogged

[with  object] write about (an event, situation, topic, etc.) in a blog: he blogged the Democratic and Republican national conventions as an independent http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/blog

This weeks lecturer about Blogging, and the history of blogs.

As discussed by Rebecca Blood’s Weblogs: a history and perspective discussing blog history in the late 1990s and early 2000 and predictions for the future. She was the first evangelist for web blogging.

The emergence of blogs has led to a new wave of citizen journalism, with anyone who authors a blog able to   contribute information that can be used by users seeking news and actual newspapers.   It has been a current trend for blogs to be used alternatively to the media, and journalist having been working with blogging to circulate their stories. There has been much debate about whether these accounts are credible, that the information is reliable, but journalist now use blogs and the people’s personal accounts, to get better new worthy stories for publishing online.  There has been a shift away from newspapers to online journalism and blogging, such as gatewatching that suggests citizen journalism doesn’t replace main stream media but retunes and filters it through ‘gatewatching’ (Axel Brunz).

During the London bombings in 2005, people were using their phones to take photos which the media published, so these turned into hypertext version of key witnessed accounts.

Interestingly the story about Pax, an Iraqi blogger started detailing his life during the Baghdad under Sadam Hussein’gs government, started in 2002 that highlight the important of Web 2.0 and many-to-many collaboration globally.  Pax didn’t meet the generalised identity of people in Iraq, and his accounts significant to what was realy happening in Iraq during that time when the 2003 invasion by the US of Iraq with US army being deployed in the city.  He became an accidental journalist, published his accounts, and now works as a journalist.  You can read the archives of Pax’s blog http://dear_raed.blogspot.com.au/

As cited in Pax’s blog relevant to this episode in his life,

“the West won the world not by the  superiority of its ideas or values or religion but rather by its superiority in applying organized violence. Westerners often forget this fact, non-Westerners  never do.” Samuel P. Huntington

As a blogger, I use it as an online diary (blogger) where I can talk about my life, usually my children, and interests.  A few relatives follow the blog but it is mainly used as the medium to organise my writing and eventually I will print copies for my sons.  I also have a family history website www.penhall.id.au used for collaborating and communicating with relatives about family history.  WordPress is relatively easy to use, with a variety of themes to display my look and feel which can be customised.  The types of posts are stories about old times, old photos and general family history information.

People can participate in communities of bloggers, following blogs of interest and shared identity.  There are various platforms that host blogging such as blogger, wordpress and tumblr.  The soft is usually open source, and technologies include RSS (XML), DHMTL, XHTML,  javascript, ajaz, and php.  People can publish a blog post, comments, display link rolls, track back posts to previous version, use themes for a particular look and feel, and podcasts for video sharing.

References

Rettberg, J. 2008, Blogging Chapter 3: Bloggers, Communities and Networks, pgs 57-83

Rebecca Blood’s Weblogs: a history and perspective.

(2008). State of the Blogosphere 2008. Retrieved May 14th, 2009, from http://technorati.com/blogging/state-of-the-blogosphere//.

http://oxforddictionaries.com/definition/blog

http://dear_raed.blogspot.com.au/